- Free State
This atmospheric little town was made a station of the London Missionary Society in 1823, and was named after Dr John Philip, their Superintendent in South Africa. This makes it the oldest settlement in the Free State. In 1826 a section of the Griqua Hottentots settled here with their leader, Adam Kok. The town they created was the capital of their state and had a council chamber, trading store, residences, a gaol and gallows.
The Griquas eventually sold the town for 400 pounds to the Government of the then Orange Free State. They then trekked over the Drakensberg to settle in Griqualand East in a town they called Kokstad.
The town still retains something of the atmosphere of its past as a frontier stronghold. Two ships' cannons used by Adam Kok are in the municipal garden.
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