Towering over the wide valley of the Tugela River is the 1175 meter Kranskop ('precipice summit') called by the Zulus iTshe Lika Ntunjambili ('the rock with two holes')

The Zulus have a myth about young girls who, weary of carring water from the river, asked the mountain to give them sanctuary. It obliged by opening a great cavern and tempting them inside with sounds of revelrey. Once in the cavern the entrance closed and they were seen no more.

In 1894 the village of Kranskop was founded on the edge of the valley close to the mountain. It is a centre for the production of timber, a railhead for the line from Pietermaritzburg and a trading place for the great valley.

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