The hot sulphur spring which bubbles out of the ground at eManzana (Badplaas) at a rate of 30000 litres an hour used to be known to local tribes people as eManzana - 'the healing waters'.
The spring was presented as a gift to a white trader and hunter, Jacob de Clercq, by the paramount chief of the Swazis in 1876. The reason for this generous gift is unknown.
De Clercq built a store near the spring and its medicinal properties became widely known, particularly when gold was discovered in the De Kaap Valley in the 1880's and many diggers visited the springs over weekends.
In 1893 the government claimed the springs to develop a health resort.
In modern times the spa has been greatly developed, with swimming pools and private baths for invalids.
The backdrop to eManzana (Badplaas) is a range of hills called Ndlumudlumu - 'place of much thunder' - by the Swazis.
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