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The Lydenburg Museum is situated in Lydenburg in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa.

The Museum was established in 1972 and was originally placed in the centre of town. In 1990 it was moved to the entrance of Gustav Klingbiel Nature Reserve, making it an ideal location for tourists to enjoy a bit of nature at the same time.

It is a small, modern museum dedicated to the display of the cultural history and human heritage that is Lydenburg. Visitors can learn more about the Pedi people and their culture and history and exhibits from where early humans lived, including the most remarkable find of the Lydenburg Heads. The story of the discovery of the Heads is almost as fascinating as the Heads themselves. There are seven Heads, all intricately carved in ceramic and dated as far back as about 490 AD. They were first discovered in 1957 and are considered National Treasures and for this reason only casts of the Heads are on display, with the originals kept in the Cape Town National Museum.

The Museum is well worth a visit when in the area and don’t forget your camera for a walk around the Reserve after.

Things to do and see

  • Lydenburg Heads (casts)
  • Long Tom Cannons
  • Military History
  • Old gold mining tools
  • Early Stone Age artifacts
  • Iron Age artifacts
  • Pedi & Ndebele Culture Exhibitions
  • Afrikaner Culture Exhibition
  • Shop & Tourist Info Centre
  • Gustav Klingbiel Nature Reserve


No admission fee is charged.


Rainfall occurs mainly in the mid-summer months, with December and January seeing the highest levels. 

Summer months, November to March will have average temperatures of between 14˚C and 25˚C.

Winter months, May to August will have average temperatures of between 3˚C and 19˚C.


There are daily flights from Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town into the Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport in Mombela (Nelspruit). Car rental companies are available for easy access to the surrounding areas with Lydenburg being just over an hour away along the R37. Road trips from Johannesburg to Lydenburg on the N4 and R540 will take just over 3 hours.

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