Land of the Baobab
Musina is the northernmost town in South Africa, situated 2003 km from Cape Town and just 15 km from the main border post, Beit Bridge, to Zimbabwe. This link to the rest of Africa is one of the busiest roads in the world and certainly the most in Africa.
The areas offers plenty of adventure opportunities and Beit Bridge is one of the “must see’ attractions! Referred to as the land of the Baobab, the Musina Nature Reserve, which today preserves over a hundred mature baobab specimens, is another major drawcard for visitors to the town. The Reserve is also home to the oldest rock ever dated, the Sand River Gneiss has been dated to over 3.2 billion years old. These rocks stick up out of the bed of the Sand River and are easily viewed.
Apart from geological attractions, Musina has a small museum, situated in the town library, which details the towns social and natural history. Visitors can also view the old Zeederberg’s Mail Coach, it which used to service the old Pretoria – Zimbabwe line, it now stands in front of the Civic Centre.
Musina is built on the back of the local copper mines, but copper mining is today only the core of a mining industry that includes mining for iron ore, coal, asbestos, graphite, magnetite, diamonds, semi-precious stones and quartz crystals.
There are many lodges, B&Bs, guest houses and hotels in and around Musina and the town is also home to a Forever Resort which provides very affordable accommodation and camping facilities, in addition it also has hot mineral pools which promise to soak away your cares.
Things to do and see
- Musina Museum & Library
- Zeederberg’s Mail Coach
- Makuya Hiking Trail
- Mapungubwe National Park
- Mapungubwe Treetop Walk
- Limpopo Valley National Park
- Musina Nature Reserve
- Musina Experimental Farm & Bulai Granite Rock (visit by appointment)
- Beit Bridge
- Thathe Vondo Forest, 120 km
Musina receives approximately 368 mm of rain annually, the area is known for it hot and dry climate, with most of its annual rainfall during summer.
Summer months, November to March will have average temperatures of between 17˚C and 32˚C.
Winter months, May to August will have average temperatures of between 9˚C and 26˚C.
The history of this small town dates back to prehistoric times when the Bantu tribe, Musina, first discovered the rich copper reserves of the area. The tribe were actually searching for iron however, they learnt to use the copper and as well as making cooking utensils, fashioned it into ingots which became standard items of barter with other tribes and Arab safari traders.
These reserves were rediscovered in the early 20th century, before the Anglo-Boer War, when prospector, John Pasco Grenfell, met a hermit known as Wild Lotrie who told him about the old Bantu mines. This resulted in a settlement springing up in no time and the town that grew up to serve the new copper mines, an incorrect spelling of the name of the tribe that first discovered the copper. The name was changed in 2003 to the correct spelling.
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